General Marketing Strategies

These set the direction for all marketing efforts by describing, in general terms, how marketing will achieve its objectives. There are many different General Marketing Strategies, though most can be viewed as falling into one of the following categories:

Market Expansion

With this strategy marketers look to grow overall sales in one of two ways:

  • Grow Sales with Existing Products – With this approach, the marketer seeks to actively increase the overall sales of products the company currently markets. This can be accomplished by: 1) getting existing customers to buy more, 2) getting potential customers to buy (i.e., those who have yet to buy), or 3) selling current products in new markets.
  • Grow Sales with New Products – With this approach, the marketer seeks to achieve objectives through the introduction of new products. This can be accomplished by: 1) introducing updated versions or refinements to existing products, 2) introducing products that are extensions of current products, or 3) introducing new products not previously marketed.
Market Share Growth

This strategy looks to increase the marketer’s overall percentage or share of the market. In many cases, this can only be accomplished by taking sales away from competitors. Consequently, this strategy often relies on aggressive marketing tactics.

Niche Market

This strategy looks to obtain a commanding position within a certain segment of the overall market. Usually the niche market is much smaller in terms of total customers and sales volume than the overall market. Ideally this strategy looks to have the product viewed as being different from that of organizations targeting the larger market (i.e., focus on product positioning).

Status Quo

This strategy looks to maintain the marketer’s current position in the market, such as maintaining the same level of market share.

Market Exit

This strategy looks to remove the product from the organization’s product mix. This can be accomplished by: 1) selling the product to another organization, or eliminating the product the company’s product offerings

Types of Marketing Strategy
Decision Area Strategies