Message Control: Total vs. Minimal

Most promotions are controlled by the marketer who encodes the message (or hires specialists such as advertising agencies to create the promotion) and then pays to have the message delivered. However, no marketer can totally control how the news media, customers or others talk about a company or its products. Reporters for magazines, newspaper and websites, as well as posters to Internet forums may discuss a company’s products in ways that can benefit or hinder a company’s marketing efforts. This is particularly true with non-paid promotions where a marketer is looking to obtain a free “mention” by an influential message medium (e.g., newspaper article).

Demand Creation: Quick vs Lagging
Message Credibility: High vs. Low